After a colossal and mysterious accident a young talented architect comes back to his senses in a very odd world that only resembles the reality. This world is based on the memories of the ones who live in it – people who are currently finding themselves in a deep coma.
Habiba Awada is a PU student majoring in Accounting and Finance. She is a lucid dreamer and she is passionate about the topic. In her talk, Habiba takes us through a lucid dream journey to explore such a parallel universe. Habiba Awada is a PU student majoring in Accounting and Finance. She is a lucid dreamer and she is passionate about the topic. In her talk, she will take us through a lucid dream journey to explore such a parallel universe. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.
Dream Theory in Malaya is titled after a paper by a visionary anthropologist, Kilton Stewart, who in 1935 visited a remarkable highland tribe of Malayan aborigines, the Senoi, whose happiness and well-being were linked to their morning custom of family dream-telling—where a child’s fearful dream of falling was praised as a gift to learn to fly the next night and where a dream-song or dance was taught to a neighboring tribe to create a common bond beyond differences of custom.
OLIVER FOX’S EXPERIENCES
The first detailed, scientific and first-hand account of a series of conscious and voluntarily controlled astral projections were by Mr. Oliver Fox, and published in the Occult Review for 1920. These articles were entitled, respectively, “The Pineal Doorway,” and “Beyond the Pineal Door” and embody the author’s personal experiences. Finally after years of personal research, Fox wrote one of the most important and influencial works on the subject of Astral Projection and changed the course of humanity.
Recently I was asked to review this online course from Awake Academy, but as a long time practitioner of lucid dreaming I felt that I could not do the testimonial justice so I asked a friend to give it a try. I asked him to please dedicate as much time as required to try the complete course and give me feedback.
One of the most accessible and refreshing voices in Lucid Dream circles is the Best Selling Author of Dreams of Awakening, Charlie Morley’s workshops have been introducing new generations of Lucid Dreaming ‘entuasists’ for many years.
Having read his book I was happy to try out Charlie’s online course which promised to be a perfect introduction to the subject using his years of experience in the subject. One of the main benefits from learning from Charlie is his holistic approach to Lucid dreaming and its natural connection with mindfulness in everyday life. Charlie’s method of teaching is light hearted and less intimidating than many other experts on the subject.
Being aware inside of a dream is not unlike the awareness you’re currently feeling as you read these words—except the worlds in your dreams lack certain consistencies. For example, if you were to click back on your browser at this very moment, then click forward, you’d end up on this webpage again. In a dream state, you might click back then forward and end up on a different webpage, or on a sailboat. Dreams are not consistent, and spotting those inconsistencies is one of the easiest ways to realize you’re dreaming, which is the first step to becoming lucid.
But to truly understand what it feels like to be lucid in your dream, you need to possess a better understanding of what it feels like to be lucid in the real world. This exercise, from the book Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming by Stephen LaBerge, Ph.D., and Howard Rheingold, will be your first assignment. Do all of these steps once a day:
- Look: Become aware of what you see: notice the richly varied and vivid impressions—shapes, colors, movement, dimensionality, the entire visible world.
- Listen: Become aware of what you hear: register the various sounds taken in by your ears—a diverse range of intensities, pitches, and tonal qualities, perhaps including the commonplace miracle of speech or the wonder of music.
- Feel: Become aware of what you touch: texture (smooth, rough, dry, sticky, or wet), weight (heavy, light, solid, or empty), temperature, and the rest. Also note how your body feels right now and compare that to the many other ways it feels at other times, tired or energetic, stiff or limber, painful or pleasant, and so on.
- Taste: Become aware of what it is like to taste: taste a number of different foods and substances, or remember and vividly imagine their tastes.
- Smell: Become aware of what you smell: the odor of warm bodies, earth, incense, smoke, perfume, coffee, onions, alcohol, and the sea. Remember and imagine as many of them as you can.
- Breathing: Attend to your breathing. A moment ago you probably were not consciously aware of your breathing even though you have inhaled and exhaled fifty times while doing this exercise. Hold your breath for a few seconds. Let it out. Now take a deep breath. Notice that being conscious of your breathing allows you to alter it deliberately.
- Emotions: Become aware of your feelings. Remember the difference between anger and joy, serenity and excitement, and as many other emotions as you care to feel. How real do emotions feel?
- Thoughts: Become aware of your thoughts. What have you been thinking while doing this exercise? What are you thinking right now? How real do thoughts seem?
Pause and reflect on these things, or even write them down. You use these senses and experience these other things at all times throughout the day, but how often do you really pay attention to them? The more in-tune you can become with your senses and feelings, the more easily you’ll be able to use them as tools in the dream state. After all, you can’t conjure a pleasant sunset beach in your mind if you don’t know how to define and recall the smell of the ocean breeze, the texture of sand between your toes, the color of light on the horizon, or how relaxing it feels to be somewhere so peaceful.
Once you’ve done that, move on to these last two steps:
- “I”: Become aware of the fact that your world always includes you. As William James noted, it is I see, I hear, I feel, I think that is the basic fact of experience. You are not what you see, hear, think, or feel; you have these experiences. Perhaps most essentially, you are who is aware. You are always at the center of your multidimensional universe of experience, but you are not always consciously aware of yourself. Briefly repeat the exercise with the following difference: At the same time you attend to each of the various aspects of your experience, be aware that it is you who is noticing these things (“I see the light…”).
- Awareness of awareness: Finally, become aware of your awareness. Normally, awareness focuses on objects outside ourselves, but it can itself be an object of awareness… Here, experience cannot be adequately expressed by language.
Congratulations: you have taken your first step to becoming an oneironaut, or “explorer of dreams.” Next week, we’ll go over the many benefits of lucid dreaming—and some of the minor dangers—and discuss the importance of building dream memory. You’ll also get a brand-new assignment.
Until then, feel free to ask questions or discuss your own experiences in the comments below. How did you feel doing the assignment? Have you had a lucid dream before? Some people get beginner’s luck and have a lucid dream simply after hearing about the phenomenon for the first time. This is your classroom, so discuss dreaming with your classmates.
You spend a third of your life asleep. Why not do something with it? Okay, Oneironauts: sleep tight and dream on.
The Korean Powerhouse
For many year now, Korean Cinema has become the leading light of asia and a constant source of inspiration as Hollywood looks east to create blockbusting remakes of well received asian movies. And we believe it will not be long for Hollywood to adapt this latest fantasy movie called Lucid Dream. An impressive thriller based on a similar setting as Christopher Nolan’s Inception.
With an impressive supporting cast headed by Sul Kyung-gu and Kang Hye-jeong, a very popular protagonist in the face of Go Soo, and a more than interesting script based on the concept of the lucid dream, the film ticked all the prerequisites of being a masterpiece.
Dae-ho is an investigative journalist, whose only son is kidnapped at a theme park. Devastated, he gives up his career and devotes himself to finding the perpetrator and his son, but to no avail. Eventually, he learns about lucid dream, a method that allows the patient to control, to some extent, what is happening in his dreams. The method is used for therapeutic purposes, in order for patients to recall lost, traumatic experiences, but Dae-ho, with the help of So-hyeon (Kang Hye-jeong), a friend who is an expert in the field, decides to use the process to find out what happened to his son during the day he was kidnapped. During this process, he faces various obstacles, side effects, and unexpected acquaintances, as he is also assisted by Officer Song Bang-seop (Sul Kyung-gu), who actually believes his findings.
Master of Dreams
Kim Joon-seong-I directs and pens an interesting crime thriller in his debut, setting the film apart by using the concept of lucid dreaming. While the build up and the many plot twists manage to retain the interest of the spectator for the most of the duration, I felt that he took his basic premise a bit too far, as the story also features “masters of dreams”, forceful entries into other people’s dreams, and even a double entry into the same dream. Kim uses these tactics to keep the production entertaining by inducing much action in the film, but in the process, he seems to lose control of the story, even if one considers it a fantasy. In that fashion, he also does not seem to deal very much with the actual concept of the lucid dream, which becomes just an “excuse” for all that is happening on screen.
Furthermore, Kim does not make good use of his cast, particularly of Sul Kyung-gu as Officer Song and Kang Hye-jeong as So-hyeon, with their parts being undeveloped, particularly the latter’s, who becomes almost insignificant after a fashion. At the same time, the choice of Go Soo as Choi Dae-ho seems an unfortunate one, as his physique does not fit the character at all, and I found his performance excessive, particularly in the scenes where the melodrama takes over. I dare say that if the two male actors switched places, the movie would be a much better one.
In terms of visuals on the other hand, “Lucid Dream” is outstanding, with Park Hyun-chul’s cinematography presenting the differences between the real and the dream world in impressive fashion, with prowess that finds its apogee in the action scenes. The same applies to Kim Jae-beom and Kim Sang-beom‘,s editing, which retains the sense of confusion between what is real and what dream in a way that retains the agony for the biggest part of the film.
Comparison of dreams with waking consciousness has traditionally focused on claims that the dreaming mind maintains only a simple awareness of perception and emotion, but lacks the self-reflective awareness and metacognition, that is, awareness of one`s current state of consciousness, which is assumed in wake. Lucid dreams are distinct in that the dreamer does have insight into the present state of consciousness, and is able to maintain some awareness of the fact that they are dreaming, along with a varying degree of control over their thoughts, actions, and dream qualities. While this distinction is tied to the dream state, the truth is that even in waking we often wander around in a state of semi-consciousness, simply perceiving and experiencing emotions as they arise without affording much reflective awareness or attention to the present moment.
The practice of mindfulness is aimed at improving an individual`s capacity to maintain awareness of the present moment, with an open and non-judgemental mind, and to diminish automatic habits of mind-wandering and other auto-pilot behaviors. Evidence shows that increased mindfulness is associated with enhanced well-being and decreased negative rumination. Relating to dreams, mindfulness has been shown to be inversely related to dream anxiety and negative dream quality (Simor, Koteles, Sandor, Petke, & Bodizs, 2011). Taken together, by improving attention to the present moment`s consciousness while cultivating an accepting attitude, mindfulness may similarly increase the likelihood and frequency of lucid dream experiences, a dream state characterized by both awareness and positivity. The authors, Stumbrys, Erlacher, and Malinowski (2015), recently set out to test this relationship.
The main measure for assessing mindfulness was the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI; Walach, Buchheld, Buttenmuller, Kleinknecht, & Schmidt, 2004), which measures two interrelated factors of Acceptance and Presence, using 14 items on a 4 point scale. Acceptance refers to the accepting and appreciative attitude towards experience, while Presence refers to sustaining full awareness of experience as it is happening. Presence has been linked to improvements in a wide range of cognitive abilities, perhaps due to the role of cognitive control in maintaining focused attention and continuously monitoring the stream of consciousness. While mindfulness training does not explicitly aim to enhance awareness in the dreaming state, there are many traditions which have linked cultivating awareness in wake with lucid dreaming at night; lucid dreaming itself has even been considered an ideal state for meditative awareness (particularly in Tibetan and Toaist Dream Yoga traditions). Further, while many meditation practices do not specifically define mindfulness, they often have similar aims of promoting awareness and acceptance. Thus, the authors investigated a potential influence of prior meditation practice, even those not explicitly defined as mindfulness practices, on lucid dream frequency.
528 participants (290 men, 238 women) recruited through a German lucid dreaming website responded to an online questionnaire regarding dreaming, meditation, and mindfulness. Both dream recall frequency and lucid dream recall frequency (defined as a dream where `one is aware that one is dreaming during the dream`) were estimated per week. Participants were asked if they had any meditation experience, for how long they had practiced, and estimated how many hours per week they practiced. Lastly, they completed the aforementioned Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory questionnaire.
The main findings of the study showed that participants who reported having prior meditation experience also reported higher lucid dream frequency, with approximately 4.28 vs 2.55 lucid dreams per month. Further, those having meditation experience also reported higher FMI mindfulness scores. Specifically, years of experience and hours of practice per week were correlated with mindfulness scores. The authors conducted more complex analyses to extricate the mediating role of meditation on the relationship between mindfulness and lucid dreaming. What they found was, only in those subjects who have prior meditation experience was there a significant correlation between FMI mindfulness score and lucid dreaming frequency. Those subjects without meditation experience showed no relationship between FMI score and lucid dream frequency.
Thus, their hypotheses were partially confirmed; individual mindfulness is positively related to lucid dream frequency but only in those subjects who practice meditation. Further, these individuals report higher mindfulness and lucid dreaming frequency in general than people without meditation experience. The authors conclude that “higher awareness cultivated during daytime is also reflected in higher awareness of one`s mental states while dreaming.” Future research may seek to delineate which types of meditation practice are most directly influential on dreaming, and perhaps in the future, the possibilities of practicing meditation even from within the lucid dream state.
Michelle Carr, Ph.D, is a researcher at Swansea University Sleep Laboratory. She holds a PhD in Biomedical Science from the University of Montreal, where she conducted research at the Dream and Nightmare Laboratory. Prior to that, she received dual degrees, a BS in Brain and Cognitive Science and a BA in Psychology, from the University of Rochester in 2010. Her work focuses on the role of REM sleep and dreams in emotional memory, along with comparative studies of nightmare disorder and PTSD. Other research interests include sleep paralysis, lucid dreaming, consciousness studies, and the use of dreamwork in psychology.
Simor, P., Koeteles, F., Sandor, P., Petke, Z., & Bodizs, R. (2011). Mindfulness and dream quality: the inverse relationship between mindfulness and negative dream affect. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 52(4), 369-375.
Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Malinowski, P. (2015). Meta-Awareness During Day and Night The Relationship Between Mindfulness and Lucid Dreaming.Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 34(4), 415-433.
Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmüller, V., Kleinknecht, N., & Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness—the Freiburg mindfulness inventory (FMI).Personality and Individual Differences, 40(8), 1543-1555.
One of the biggest challenges to achieving BIG lucid dreams is maintaining stability.
By stability, I mean maintaining a strong lucid presence in the dream. Because of the huge Aha! moment when realizing you are in a dream, an excitement will take hold of the novice which causes waking up, and the end of the lucid dream – usually seconds after it begins. This is usually the case in both spontaneous/unplanned lucid dreams and also for the desired/yet-poorly-planned-for lucid dreams. Proper preparation involves knowing how to stabilize the “dream body” so that you neither wake up nor fade back into ordinary dreaming.
Not really a problem. Certain “physical” movements and mnemonic techniques can vastly increase your chances of staying tethered to lucidity. The first method is described by Dr. Stephen LaBerge, and many lucid dreamers, myself included, can testify to its efficacy. This stabilization technique requires for you to spin-around in your dream-body like an ice-skater or a Sufi dervish dancer, dreidel, or maybe just a silly child. Usually my spinning was very fast, much faster than I can spin my real body around on regular ground. Something about the motion increases your lucidity, making your perception brighter and your knowledge of being in a dream more permanent. Also, interesting to note, your environment might change after the spinning from what it was pre-spin. Sometimes there will just be small changes: One time I spun around after becoming lucid, and it was dark outside through the windows prior to the stabilization, but light afterwards. You can use this peculiarity of spinning to focus your mind on appearing somewhere particular after spinning.
Another stabilization technique is to rub your hands together. Doing this at the beginning of your lucid realization and occasionally throughout the dream will help to maintain both perceptual vividness and lucidity. But maybe you need your hands for something? A third stabilization technique you can use, and you should probably combine it with the other two, is repeating a phrase out-loud such as “Lucidity Now!” or “More Lucidity!” or something like this.
Movement is the key
There are numerous other stabilization methods, but I’ve found that the above techniques work best. The real key seems to be movement. Conscious thought, all thought, is available to serve physical behavior. Movement of the skeletal muscles by will, or feelings of movement – proprioception – trigger a heightened awareness. Lucid dreaming is sometimes preceded either directly or in earlier dreams by intense movements – being chased or falling, flying, roller-coaster or wild driving, even spinning around like on a rope. If you can relax while primed for a Waking Induced Lucid Dream (WILD), you may be able to consciously visualize yourself spinning around and enter lucidity directly from falling asleep.
Remember, this is easy to forget. It is easy to forget that you are in a dream. Do what you can to maintain an awareness of the virtual reality of your situation.
Initially, Christianity continued honoring dreams and visions as a primary way that God communicated with humans. Dreams and visions literally shaped the birthing and early development of Christianity. Angels, the communicatorsof God, appeared to people in dreams in ways similar to the dream appearances of the gods of the Greeks.
The births of John the Baptist and Jesus were forecast in dreams or visionary experiences. After the birth of Jesus his father, Joseph, was warned in a dream to flee to Egypt to avoid King Herod’s campaign to kill male infants who might threaten his rule. Jesus had numerous visionary experiences during his life that might have taken place in dreams or dreamlike states. For example, Jesus has an important confrontation with the devil after he has fasted for 40 days and nights in the wilderness. Such a lengthy period of physical deprivation could significantly affect dreaming and alter consciousness into dreamlike states. Matthew 4:1-11 and Luke 4:1-12 tell how the devil tempted Jesus three times. First the devil tried to persuade Jesus to perform miracles to prove he is the Son of God. Then he offered Jesus all the kingdoms of the world in exchange for worship. Jesus resisted and banished the devil.
After the arrest of Jesus, Pontius Pilate’s wife was warned in a dream that her husband should have nothing to do with him. Following the crucifixion of Jesus, the apostles had many dreams and visionary experiences that aided them in their mission to spread the Gospel. One famous account concerns St. Peter, who was imprisoned by Herod Agrippa, who planned to execute him. The night before he was to be condemned, Peter slept in his cell bound in chains and guarded by two soldiers. An angel awakened him, freed him of his chains, and led him out of the prison. Peter at first thought he was dreaming, then believed he had a real visitation. The experience may actually have been a combination of dreaming and visionary experience.
Many of the early church fathers who shaped the beliefs of the new religion were Platonic philosophers and Greek converts. They believed in the tradition of God speaking through dreams and visions. But a major turn in the opposite direction took place in the fourth century, and it centered on one man: Jerome.
It was through a dream that St Jerome converted to christianity but later renounced all dreams as dangerous to the faithful. From this key turning point that the Christian Church and dreams diverged and took separate paths.